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GEO 103 Physical Geology (4 credits)

An introduction to the basic principles of the earth sciences - geology, geochemistry, and geophysics - and their relation to materials and processes acting upon and within the Earth's crust. Consideration is given to rocks and minerals, structures and deformation of the Earth's crust, earthquakes, and volcanism, and the work of the wind, running water, ground water, the oceans and glaciers upon the Earth's surface. This course, together with GEO 104, satisfies the sequential laboratory science requirement of the Math-Science curriculum and also satisfies the requirements of those curricula demanding science or laboratory science courses. Three one-hour lectures or equivalent and one three-hour laboratory per week. No prerequisite.

GEO 104 Historical Geology (4 credits)

A detailed study of the Earth's geologic history relative to the development of continents and life forms; includes study of biologic evolution and geotectonics. Geomorphic and stratigraphic principles are utilized in the interpretation of geologic history. Laboratory includes work with fossils and geologic maps. Field trips emphasize regional geology. It is intended that this course follow GEO 103, and taken in this way satisfies the sequential laboratory science requirement of the Math-Science curriculum. It also satisfies the requirements of those curricula demanding science or laboratory science courses. Three one-hour lectures or equivalent and one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: GEO 103 or 105 or 106, or Permission of Instructor.

GEO 105 Oceanography (3 credits)

Introductory survey of oceanography relating the physical, chemical, geological, biological, meteorological, and engineering aspects of the field. This course satisfies the science elective requirement of the Math-Science curriculum and also satisfies the science requirement of those curricula which require science. Three class hours or equivalent per week. No prerequisite.

GEO 105L Oceanography Laboratory (1 credit)

Includes investigation of ocean waters in terms of physical and chemical properties, and the interactions of the water on air, sediments, coastal areas, and life forms. This course is intended for those who wish to deepen their understanding of oceanography and/or have a laboratory science requirement to satisfy. One three-hour session per week. Prerequisite/ co-requisite: GEO 105.

GEO 106 Environmental Geology (3 credits)

Introduction to the everyday geological problems of our world community. Topics which are covered include population growth, natural resources, water pollution, waste disposal, energy sources, and environmental health hazards. Selected other topics of concern are earthquakes, landslides, and flood dangers. The course satisfies the science elective requirement of the Math-Science curriculum and also satisfies the science requirement of those curricula which require science. Three class hours or equivalent per week. No prerequisite.

GEO 106L Environmental Geology Lab (1 credit)

Application of geological tools to the solution of environmental problems. Use of maps and aerial photographic interpretation and other analytical methods in seeking data on environment. Field trips include trips to local environmental problem and industrial sites. This course is intended for those who wish to deepen their understanding of environmental geology and/or have a laboratory science requirement to satisfy. One three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite or co-requisite: GEO 106.

GEO 203 Introduction to Forensic Geology (4 credits)

Forensic Geology is designed for math/science majors, criminal justice majors and non-science majors who have an interest in forensic science and the academic and/or professional experience needed to handle the subject matter. The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the use of different geologic materials and techniques that can be used to solve crimes and disputes. Details from actual criminal cases and disputes will be used as examples in this course. This course includes a variety of geologic topics including rocks, minerals, other geologic materials, geologic and topographic maps, fossils, air particles and pollutants, and soils. Laboratory and classroom experience will include the analysis of different techniques employed in forensic geology. These techniques include fluorescence, stereoscopic analysis, optical microscopy, and various chemical analyses. Prerequisite: GEO 103 or 106, or Permission of Instructor.

GEO 205 Hydrology (4 credits)

This course introduces students to fundamental concepts and methods of analysis pertaining to the flow of surface/groundwater, water resources, water quality and contamination. Laboratory and classroom experience will include: the physics of water; descriptions and mathematics of water's movement in the surface water, vadose and groundwater settings; basic elements of soil mechanics and soil description; exploratory drilling and well installation; conducting and analyzing a pump test; surface water flow analysis and measurement; and analysis techniques of water chemistry. Several laboratories involve field work in and around the Onondaga campus measuring stream flow, installing and developing wells, testing wells, and collecting water samples. This course prepares students for the environmental field (governmental and consulting) and graduate programs in the environmental and hydrologic sciences. Three hours lecture and three hours laboratory per week. Prerequisite: MAT 143 or 151. Spring semesters only.

GEO 290 Geology of the Bahamas (3 credits)

A two-week, three credit course of fieldwork in biology and geology in a tropical marine setting. Environments, present and past, to be studied by snorkeling and walking include: beach, intertidal, coral reef, and associated shallow water habitats. Studies include evening lectures and independent research projects. Location: The Gerace Research Center, San Salvador Island, Bahamas. San Salvador is at the eastern end of a chain of 700 islands and cays that form the Commonwealth of the Bahamas. Requirements: The program is open to undergraduate and graduate students. No prior coursework is required to participate; however, some background in general biology, geology, or oceanography is helpful.