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BIO 105 Exploring Biology (3 credits)

This one-semester course introduces biological concepts essential for an understanding of current issues such as the Human Genome Project, DNA Fingerprinting, the cloning of organisms, and AIDS. It is intended for students in non-science and non-health-profession majors; does not fulfill the science requirement for Math/Science or Computer Science students. Three class hours. Not open to students with credit in BIO 121 or any Biology course numbered 141 or higher. No prerequisite. Optional 1-credit laboratory available (BIO 105L); must be taken concurrently with BIO 105.

BIO 105L Exploring Biology Lab (1 credit)

Optional laboratory for BIO 105. Involves off-campus field trips plus weekly on-campus lab activities. May ONLY be taken concurrently with BIO 105 or Permission of Instructor. Co-requisite: BIO 105. No prerequisite.

BIO 106 Human Biology (4 credits)

This one-semester course provides basic knowledge of the major organ systems of human beings. Emphasis is on how the body functions normally. It is intended for non-science majors and is inappropriate for students preparing for Nursing, Respiratory Care, Surgical Technology and Physical Therapy Assistant degrees. Does not fulfill the science requirement for Math/Science and Computer Science students. Three class hours, two laboratory hours. Not open to students with credit in BIO 152 or BIO 171.

BIO 110 Introduction to Microbes (3 credits)

An introduction to the nature of microorganisms, with an emphasis on topics of everyday significance. The roles of microbes in the environment, in food production and spoilage, and in health and disease will be explored, along with the basic biology of microbes. This general education science elective is intended for non-science, non-health professions students. Does not fulfill the science elective requirement for students in the Math/Science programs. Not recommended for students planning to take BIO 205. Three class hours; no laboratory. No prerequisite.

BIO 111 Microbiology for Surgical Technology (1 credit)

This course provides an introduction to Microbiology, emphasizing aspects related to safe practice in the surgical field. The infectious process, infection control, and the role of the immune system in health and disease will be covered, in addition to the structure and properties of bacteria, fungi, viruses, and other microbes. Open only to students in the SGT program. No prerequisite; co-requisites: SGT 101, 102, 103.

BIO 112 Introduction to Biology - Geology (4 credits)

This is an introductory course in geology and biology for students with only a high school background in these two areas, and who are not intending to pursue a science curriculum. This course is designed for education majors with an emphasis in elementary education. Topics to be covered include: the scientific method, basic chemistry of geology and biology, the rock cycle and basic elements of rock types, biochemical cycles, hydrologic cycle, aspects of evolution, aspects of historical geology, and a survey of basic aspects of life. Prerequisite: SCI 111. Course is restricted to Liberal Arts and Science AA: Childhood Education and Adolescent Education majors. BIO 112 is cross-listed with SCI 112.

BIO 121 Introduction to Biology (4 credits)

This introductory one-semester biology course introduces some core concepts of biology. Topics include the molecular and cellular basis of life, energy flow in biological systems, gene expression and regulation, DNA technology, inheritance, and reproduction. This course is for students who need additional preparation before attempting BIO 151 (General Biology) or BIO 171 (Anatomy and Physiology I). This general education science elective is intended for non-science majors and those pursuing careers in nursing, respiratory care, or surgical technology, or as physical therapist assistants. Does not fulfill the science elective but can fulfill a general education requirement for students in the Math/Science program who intend to pursue 4-year degrees. Three class hours and two laboratory hours per week.

BIO 131 General Ecology (3 credits)

A study of the principles of energy and material flow through ecosystems; includes the introduction of population dynamics and community organization. This class is available for MTS science elective credit and is also recommended for students in non-science majors seeking general education science elective credit. Three class hours. No prerequisite. Optional one-credit laboratory available (BIO 131L).

BIO 131L General Ecology Lab (1 credit)

A field and laboratory approach to ecological principles including energy and chemical flow through terrestrial and aquatic systems. Optional lab to be taken by current or former BIO 131 students. A Saturday field trip may be required, with an option for an equivalent Friday trip. No prerequisite.

BIO 147 Environmental Health (3 credits)

This course reveals how the sustained vitality of the planet is essential for maintaining the health of the societies and economies of the Earth. Major topics showing the mutual dependence of these realms of human existence (i.e., ecology, culture, and economics) are discussed. These topics include population forces, habitat alteration, pollution of air/soil and living species, water use and abuse, agricultural methods, and fuel (both fossil and renewable). Practical and attainable solutions to our current problems in these areas are emphasized. Solutions range from the personal through community, national, and global levels. No prerequisite. Suggested preparation: BIO 121 or 131 or 151 or 152. No laboratory. Can be used as a non-lab science elective for all students.

BIO 151 General Biology I (4 credits)

This course explores the molecular and cellular basis of life. Topics covered include the biochemical make-up of cells, membrane transport, cellular respiration, photosynthesis, protein synthesis, cellular division, inheritance, and evolution. Plant structure and reproduction are also introduced. This course is intended for Math/Science majors, and is the prerequisite for BIO 152. Three class hours and two laboratory hours (hands-on, in presence of a mentoring instructor) per week. Successful completion of both high school biology and chemistry is strongly recommended. Prerequisite: ENG, RDG, and MAT placement must be at the college level.

BIO 152 General Biology II (4 credits)

This course focuses on animals and systems biology, including a survey of animal types and of the organismal biology of animals. Organisms' methods of response and adaptation to the environment and to each other are also emphasized. Laboratory includes hands-on dissection of preserved animal specimens in a classroom setting, under the supervision of a mentoring instructor. Three class hours and 2 laboratory hours per week. BIO 152 assumes a basic knowledge of chemistry, cell structure and function, and the concepts explaining the genetic unity and evolutionary diversity of species. Prerequisite: BIO 151 or Permission of Instructor. The combination of BIO 121 and BIO 152 does NOT count as a sequence for the Math/Science degree.

BIO 161 Applied Environmental Biotechnology (4 credits)

This course will present the fundamentals of general, cellular, and molecular biology, and then build upon these foundations in the context of applied chemistry, microbiology, and microbial ecology. This four-credit course has been developed to provide students with an understanding of the structural and metabolic characteristics of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells, in order to then develop comprehensive descriptions of important cellular-, enzymatic-, and/or microbial-based environmental and industrial processes. Specifically, the course will highlight applied biotechnological topics including applied microbiology, biochemistry, enzymology, microbial nutrient-cycling, composting, wastewater treatment, industrial fermentations, and biodegradation of chemical contaminants. Three class hours and three laboratory hours per week. Prerequisite: CHE 103.

BIO 171 Anatomy and Physiology I (4 credits)

First part of a two-semester study of the structure and function of the human body. Topics include homeostasis, basic chemistry, cell structure and function, tissues, and the following body systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscular, respiratory, and urinary. The cat is the primary dissection specimen in the laboratory. This course is for students preparing for Nursing, Respiratory Care, Surgical Technology, Physical Therapy Assistant, and other health-related professions. This course is inappropriate for students preparing for medicine or dentistry. It does not fulfill the lab science sequence requirement for most Math/Science students, but does fulfill the science elective requirement for Math/Science students. Three lecture hours, two laboratory hours. Students are expected to have mastered high school-level biology, chemistry, and algebra, or the college equivalents.

BIO 172 Anatomy and Physiology II (4 credits)

Second part of a two-semester study of the structure and function of the human body. The following body systems are covered: cardiovascular, nervous, endocrine, lymphatic, digestive, and reproductive. The cat is the primary dissection specimen in the laboratory. This course is for students preparing for Nursing, Respiratory Care, Surgical Technology, Physical Therapy Assistant, and other health-related professions. This course is inappropriate for students preparing for medicine or dentistry. It does not fulfill the lab science sequence requirement for most Math/Science students, but does fulfill the science elective requirement for Math/Science students. Three lecture hours, two laboratory hours. Prerequisite: BIO 171.

BIO 181 Principles of Biological Research (2 credits)

This interdisciplinary course introduces basic skills important for success in a scientific research environment. Topics will include the following: the nature of scientific inquiry; an introduction to principles of statistics, data management, analysis and graphing using Excel; finding, accessing, reading, and presenting scientific research articles; and the ethics of scientific research. Students will also review the following: chemical concentrations and dilutions, pipetting and micropipetting, calculation of moles and molarity, construction of a standard curve, and spectrophotometry. This course is intended for Math/Science students preparing to conduct an extensive research project or internship in a biological discipline. Students will use Excel, PowerPoint, and a web browser in this course; familiarity with these tools and/or prior completion of CIS 100 is recommended. Prior completion of CHE-103 and/or BIO-151 is recommended, but not required. Prerequisite: Permission of Department.

BIO 205 General Microbiology (4 credits)

An introduction to the biology of microorganisms, with an emphasis on clinically relevant organisms. Topics include the structure and function of microbes, including their metabolism and genetics. Infectious diseases and the interactions between microbes and their hosts are also considered. Laboratory exercises emphasize the isolation, identification, and control of microorganisms. Primarily intended for students entering health professions. Not recommended for students with credit in BIO 110 or BIO 150. Three class hours and two laboratory hours. Prerequisite: BIO 151 or BIO 171, or Permission of Instructor.

BIO 220 Biology of AIDS (3 credits)

Starting where introductory biology classes leave off, this course explores AIDS and the pathology of HIV, including the structure and origin of the virus, mechanisms of viral replication, routes of transmission, and consequences of infection. Methods of prevention and treatment also will be discussed, including the biomedical challenges to effective treatment. A review of current testing methods and the prevalence of the disease in various populations will also be discussed, along with the role of the immune system in disease control and progression. This class is appropriate for all students, including non-science majors, science majors, and students entering the health professions. Three hours of lecture; no laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO 105 or BIO 121 or BIO 151 or BIO 171.

BIO 221 Pathology (3 credits)

This course covers the nature, causes, and development of disease conditions, as well as the structural and functional changes that result from the disease process. The principal diagnostic tests and treatments used in the detection and control of diseases will also be considered. Open only to students in the Health Information Technology program. Prerequisites: BIO 171 and BIO 172 (Anatomy and Physiology I and II).

BIO 253 Genetics (4 credits)

This course covers the biological basis for patterns of inheritance, including the structure, function, and regulation of DNA, genes, and chromosomes. The biochemical nature of mutations will be discussed, along with the potential consequences, both harmful and beneficial. Methods of molecular genetic analysis also will be introduced. This class is intended for Math-Science majors, especially students interested in Biology, Pre-Med, Pre-Vet, Pre-Physician Assistant, or Pre-Dent. Three lecture hours and two laboratory hours per week. Prerequisite: BIO 151 and BIO 152 (or equivalents) or Permission of Instructor.